Algae is gaining much attention in its diverse application because of its high yield of valuable constituents such as bio- oil which can be chemically converted for a low cost to use-able bio-fuel. Another attractive option is to synergize with oilfields and gas generators as bio-fuel burns cleaner and can yield higher levels of precious hydrocarbons. The bio oil can also be used to produce a multitude of bio-plastic. Different algae strains can specialize in production of oil or biomass. Biomass is leftover mass that can be used to extract valuable nutrients for food additives, also sold on its own as a stand alone product. Many applications are available for the algae by products with the only output to the environment being oxygen. Reusing the water makes this an environmentally friendly project in terms of water usage. Among the many applications available algae pods are attractive because they produce ample power and yield high amounts of product. This is an environmentally sustainable oil field supplementation, perfect for the geographical constraints in Canada. Bio Fuel and Oil Fields can synergize by algae taking load off of diesel production and acting as a reserve in times where oil field production is not viable to keep the industry moving in an environmentally friendly direction.
Algae Symbiotic Bio Reactor:
Outlined in the diagram above is the full design of each “pod”, Pods are movable and easy to manufacture. Producing: power+biofuel+biomass+alcohol. Lowering the average cost of bio oil under 10$(or less) a barrel while producing power and alcohol which can be stored or utilized for power and bio plastic production. Each pod fills 0.5m squared with unparalleled efficiency in producing bio plastic and fuel.
*The solar panels and algae react in a synergistic manner using opposite wavelengths as algae thus reflecting the wavelength needed by algae, while the symbiotic alcohol production produces needed heat and CO2.
*Algae chlorophyll activation occurs at two distinct parts which are opposite that of taylored solar panels, thus acting as reflectors in the wavelengths needed by algae.
1. Algae medium storage cylinder (green 200L+): composed of dual layer vacuum PMMA or other cheap clear plastic. Recycled plastics are great. Algae medium storage is also coated in a selective green reflective coating (wavelength not used by algae but used by solar panels)
2. Solar panels(blue): composed of GaAs P-N type solar arrays. Hopefully nanorod composition will be available giving numbers closer to 40% efficiency.
3. Yeast-sugar storage medium(yellow): Acrylic or poly plastics. Again whatever is available.
4. X, Y coordinate servos (not shown) placed under the algae medium. Weight and balanced with the yeast medium container to provide low mechanical resistance.
5. Infrared heating tube (not shown) placed in the center of the algae pod to maintain optimal temp.
1. Provide a perfectly symbiotic relationship requiring no outside pumps or moving parts (except servos). The yeast-algae symbiosis is based on the CO2 and minor amounts of heat released by the yeast when producing alcohol. The yeast can be biologically selected and manipulated to produce full volumes of alcohol. Harvest time: 10 days for yeast, 3 days for algae, 300-500w power production.
2. Algae is used with Cyanobacteria or possibly another type of bacteria (undergoing research now) Which has health concerns but can be circumvented by automatic operation of pods. My research involves simple strains of bacteria. I will publish research later.
3. Automation: Because this will essentially “farm” algae and alcohol we can automate the process by having dead algae removed through a bottom type sieve. Algae has an interesting reaction to certain light. I have found that certain mixed spectrum’s of light actually cause algae to die and separate from the medium. Along with certain micro bubbles and sonic vibration it is possible to have the algae separate without any mechanical force.
4. Algae will be harvested every 3 days or less giving each yeast cycle 3 algae cycles before replacement. Harvesting only requires removing said grates and yeast which can be transported via water medium or physically transported.
1. Algae bio reactors are more efficient in warmer areas. And can be used in many areas in southern Canada.
2. More research is needed to perfectly balance the cycle (which I am conducting myself).
3. Combined efficiency and symbiosis and multi faceted synergy give great performance. Full study has to be done to estimate performance.
4. Bioplastics and GMO algae (addition of the a3a gene from the winter flounder to Volvox Carteri F. Has massive potential to survive cold climates just like our common tomato)
5. Bio Plastic recycling incentive program.
To Be Determined.
The option of applying quantum fusion in place of light would allow excess energy to be fed back to the grid and produce cheap viable sustainable oil.